Panax Ginseng – Types, Benefits, Dosage And Side-Effects

Fact checked by Mary Stricklin, BHSc FACT CHECKED

Ginseng has been used by the native people of Asia and North America for a very long time now because it is known to have improved the thinking power, concentration, physical strength and memory of its users. 

It is also known to benefit those who are suffering from depression, anxiety issues and even chronic fatigue natural treatment. It is also known to help improve the functioning of your immune system and fight various infections within your body. 

It is also used by men to treat Erectile Dysfunctioning. Therefore, it is used as an ingredient in Testo Max to help in boosting testosterone levels. The root of this plant is also known to behave as a stimulant and can be used as a remedy for headaches as well as infertility.

There are a total of 11 species of Ginseng and all of them belong to the Panax Genus belonging to the Araliacaea family. The name Panax is a Greek name and it means “All heal”. The name Ginseng is the common name used to describe all other Ginsengs like the American Ginseng and the Asian or Korean Ginseng. 

The compounds of Panax Ginseng species are very unique and serve a lot of beneficial purposes and are often known as Ginsenosides. These ginsenosides are currently under Medical Research as they are being investigated for the various medicinal benefits associated with them. Ginsenosides are present in both the Asian and the American Ginseng, but they differ in the amount as well as the purposes they fulfill.


The Panax family of American and Asian Ginsengs are only considered to be the True Ginseng because of the high levels of Ginsenosides present in these Ginsengs. However, there are many other types of Ginseng and they are:

  1. Asian Ginseng

    Asian Ginseng also goes by the name of Red GInseng or the Korean Ginseng and it has been used by the native Asians for over thousands of years now and finds its use in traditional chinese medicines to treat diseases and problems like coldness, yang deficiency and Qi and also fatigue. It is also helpful in the treatment of diseases like Type-2 diabetes, erectile dysfunction, weakness, poor memory and exhaustion.
  1. American Ginseng

    American Ginseng or Panax Quinquefolius has been used by the Native Americans for a long time now and grows in the Northern parts of North America like Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, New York and parts of Canada. It is used for fighting depression, balancing your body’s Blood Sugar levels, relieving digestive distress, anxiety issues, improving focus and boosting the Human immune system. When compared to the Asian Ginseng, American Ginseng is not that strong and potent and is used in the treatment of Yin deficiency and not Yang deficiency.
  1. Siberian Ginseng

    Siberian Ginseng grows in the Colder regions of North Asia and especially Russia and Siberia. It is also known as eleutherococcus senticosus and is said to contain large proportions of Eleutherosides and is quite similar to asian and American Ginsengs. Research studies prove that the consumption of Siberian GInseng leads to an increase in VO2 and it helps in the optimization of various Cardiovascular activities, boosts the immunity and also helps in reducing fatigue.

  1. Indian GInseng

    Indian Ginseng has been used in Ancient Ayurveda for a very long time now because it is believed to increase the longevity in Humans and is quite popular by the name of Ashwagandha locally. When compared to Asian and American Ginseng it can be used for longer periods of time and is also believed to treat various problems like Thyroid Deficiency, anxiety issues, cortisol balance and regulating the blood sugar levels.
  1. Brazilian Ginseng

    It is also popular by the name of Suma Roots and it grows in the South American and Amazon Rainforests. It is an Portugal name and SUma stands for “For everything” because of the countless health benefits associated with it. It is believed to contain ecdysterone which is known to boost the levels of Testosterone in males, improves the health of your muscles, reduces inflammation, helps in fighting cancer, boosts sexual performances and also increases the endurance levels.

What is Panax Ginseng?

Panax GInseng is a plant which grows mainly in Asia especially in Korean countries, Northern China and Eastern Siberia. Panax GInseng is administered orally to improve concentration and focus, improving thinking powers, treating Alzheimer’s Disease, Increasing work efficiency and physical Stamina, preventing damage caused to the muscles while exercising, and increasing athletic endurances.

Many people also believe that the consumption of Panax Ginseng helps them in fighting stress related issues and promotes well-being in individuals. This is also the reason why many people also call Panax Ginseng “Adaptogen” many times.

Panax ginseng also finds its uses for curing depression, providing relief from anxiety, helps in recovering from fatigue, treatment of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, boosting the Human immune system and also helps in fighting a particular Lung infection which causes a disease named as Cystic Fibrosis. 

Many people also believe that the consumption of Panax GInseng can help in the treatment of Breast cancer and Ovary Cancer and might be helpful in the prevention of Cancer in your lungs, liver and skin.

Many times Panax GInseng is also used in the treatment of Swine Flu, Prediabetes, anemia, chronic bronchitis, gastritis of the inflammation of the stomach’s inner linings, hangovers, fever and headaches, HIV and AIDS, sexual and erectile dysfunctioning in men and fertility in women, asthma and increasing the sexual arousals of women.

Panax Ginseng can also be used to treat various appetite related problems, bleeding disorders, problems in intestines, insomnia or sleeping disorders, pain in nerves and joints, loss of vision and hear, dizziness and headaches, problems related to pregnancy and childbirths, high blood pressure and many heart related diseases. It is also known to slow down the aging process and treat the wrinkles on the Human skin.

Many men also apply Panax GInseng on the skin of their penis to treat the problem of Premature Ejaculation or Early orgasms.

Panax Ginseng is also used in the Manufacturing Industries where it is used to make soaps and cosmetics and is also used in beverages as a flavouring agent.

Panax Ginseng

Weight Loss Properties

Panax Ginseng is gaining immense popularity because of its ability to act as a natural suppressant of appetite and is also known to be effective in boosting your body’s metabolism and helping our body burn fat at a much faster rate than ever before naturally.

A research study conducted at the Tang Center for Herbal Medicine Research located in Chicago, Illinois showed and proved the Anti-diabetic and Anti-obesity properties of panax Ginseng on mice.

Possibly Effective For

  1. Alzheimer’s Disease

    Research studies have proved the fact that the consumption of Panax Ginseng root in the powdered form everyday for a period of 3 months can improve the mental and brain performances in individuals who are suffering from Alzheimer’s Disease.
  1. Mental Functions

    The consumption of Ginseng orally might lead to an improvement in the abstract thinking in individuals, mental mathematical skills and an improvement in the reaction times in healthy middle aged people but did not have the same effects on young adults. Panax Ginseng cannot improve memory alone but when used in a combination with Gingko leaf extract, Panax Ginseng can improve memory powers of healthy middle aged people lying in the age range between 36 to 38.
  1. Erectile Dysfunction

    Users who consume Panax Ginseng orally have seen improvement in sexual disorders like Erectile Dysfunction.
  1. Flu

    Consuming Panax Ginseng can help your body in reducing the risk of catching a flu or a cold but it is ineffective in the treatment of individuals suffering from a Flu or a Cold.
  1. Premature Ejaculation

    Users who apply a cream made of Panax Ginseng, Angelica root, Tortilis Seeds, Clover flower, Toad venom and Bark of Cinnamon on the skin of their penis about an hour before the intercourse and washing it just before the actual intercourse might help in preventing the condition of premature ejaculation.
  1. Sexual Arousals

    Consuming Korean Red Ginseng in its powder form can improve the levels of sexual arousals and sexual satisfaction in women who have attained menopause. A product containing Red Ginseng and some other natural ingredients can also help in increasing the sexual desires of women who have previously reported some sexual problems.

Insufficient Evidence For

  1. Age Related Loss of Memory

    Taking Panax Ginseng with other specific products for a duration of upto 4 weeks is known to improve the memory condition in aged people suffering from mental impairments.
  1. Breast Cancer

    A Chinese research says that women who suffered from breast cancer experienced a better quality of life and a lower death risk when they were treated with Panax Ginseng and related products when compared to those who were not.

Other problems like

Side Effects

When Panax Ginseng is used as a cream and applied on the skin of Humans, it is a relatively safe product. However, it is safe only when it is used as a part of a multi-ingredient product and used for a short period of time.

Panax Ginseng is considered to be a Relatively Unsafe product when it is administered orally for a period in excess of six months because many researchers believe that i the long run, Panax Ginseng might lead to some hormonal imbalances and changes, and these effects can be really harmful.

Some of the most common side effects associated with the use of Panax Ginseng are: Troubles in sleeping or sleeping disorders or insomnia, Menstrual problems, pains in breasts, an increased heart rate, increase or decreasing of the blood pressure, headaches and dizziness, reduction of appetite, diarrhea, rashes, itching, mood swings and changes, and bleeding in the vagina.

Very few users have also reported experiencing Stevens-Johnson syndrome which is a severe rash condition, damage to the liver and some other serious allergic reactions.


The dosage amount of Panax Ginseng varies for individual to individual and for the problem for which you are consuming it. When it is used in the powdered form, the daily dosage should lie between 0.6 to 3 grams per day.

When it is brewed and used as a tea, one can consume upto 3 grams of Ginseng per day.

Precautions and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Women who are pregnant should avoid the consumption and use of Panax Ginseng because some of the chemicals present in Panax Ginseng are known to cause some birth defects and abnormalities in animals who were pregnant. However, the side effects of Panax GInseng are still not known on women who are breastfeeding. However, it is recommended to stay away from the use of Panax Ginseng while you are breastfeeding because “Precaution is better than cure”.

Infants and Children

Panax Ginseng is not considered safe for childrens and especially infants because Panax Ginseng might lead to poisoning in babies and children which might even prove to be fatal. However, the side effects of Panax on older children are still now known completely and it is recommended that until some conclusive evidence of its side effects is found, children of all ages should be kept away from the dosage of Panax Ginseng.

Bleeding Condition

Panax Ginseng is believed to interfere with the natural clotting of the blood in our body and it is thus recommended to avoid its use if you suffer from any bleeding problem.

Organ Transplant

Panax GInseng is known to boost the immune system of our body and improve its functioning. Thus it might interfere and reduce the effectiveness of some medicines which are given to patients who have just had an organ transplant.

How Does Panax Ginseng Work?

Panax Ginseng boasts of many active ingredients and chemicals which are responsible for the various benefits associated with it and amongst these chemicals, Ginsenosides and Panaxosides are the most important. The former chemical was named by the ancient Asian researchers and chemists while the later was named by Russian Researchers.

Pana Ginseng is often considered to be a complete medicine because of its ability to affect the entire body and treat problems present in many different parts of the body.

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